Oral surgery is a specialised branch of dentistry.
Wisdom teeth are among the most frequent dental extractions. The most common reasons for extracting wisdom teeth is a lack of space in the jaw and incorrect position, due to which the wisdom teeth fail to erupt through the gum into the dental arch correctly and become impacted. The specific position of wisdom teeth in the jaw also
presents many complications, such as infection and subsequent inflammation of
the tissues around the teeth, pain, and restricted opening of the mouth. The position of a tooth and its growth can cause damage to neighbouring teeth. That’s why we generally recommend extracting wisdom teeth, especially when they can’t grow into their correct position. Wisdom tooth extraction is typically best at a younger age, when the characteristics of the surrounding bone tissue are better suited to the procedure. In many instances, wisdom tooth extraction can prevent inflammation and other related complications.
The best prevention is proper care of the teeth and oral cavity as well as timely
extraction of wisdom teeth if they can’t grow into their correct position.
In such cases, inflammation and cysts can occur in the jawbone surrounding the root tip and require surgical removal. At the same time, a resection (separation and extraction) is typically performed on the root tip, which is the most abundant source of
bacteria. The root canal is then retrogradely (from the end up) filled with a special material called MTA. Teeth treated in this manner often remain fully
functional for years to come.
Another common type of cyst is a follicular cyst, which is most frequently associated with a partially erupted wisdom tooth. A follicular cyst is removed together with the
wisdom tooth. Untreated cysts grow larger over time, can push dental roots apart, and weaken the jaw, making it prone to fracturing. Because cysts can become infected and, in rare cases, can even experience malignant transformation, they must be removed.
In some cases, a tooth transplanted in this manner can fully substitute the missing tooth, thus eliminating the need for a dental implant. Approximately two weeks after
the procedure, the autotransplanted tooth is treated endodontically and fitted with a prosthetic crown.
We offer this procedure because there are many things in life that can lead to considerably irregular loss (atrophy) of jaw bone. Removable dental prostheses cause painful pressure sores and don’t always stay in place, often coming loose when the
wearer is chewing or making mimical facial movements.